Salmonella is a genus of gram negative bacteria, which are rod shaped in nature. These bacteria are non spore forming, flagellate and motile. There are two important species of bacteria found in salmonella genus called as S Bongori and S Enterica. Infection by enterica termed as Enteritidis and it is most common infection among all species. Salmonella bacteria found in warm blooded animals including humans and causes intestinal infection called salmonellosis. Animals such as cattle, sheep, chicken, cats, and dogs are major carrier for this species and therefore it gets transmitted in human beings very easily.
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Salmonella infection is widely spread disease across the world, according to CDC data, Salmonella causes infection to about 1.2 million people only in United States of America. Out of these over 23,000 people need to be hospitalized immediately. The disease accounts for approximately 450 deaths.
Clinical features of salmonella infection include diarrhea which sometimes may be bloody, along with this fever, abdominal cramps are also common which generally lasts for 5-7 days. Salmonella infection generally affects the gastro intestinal tract of human however this infection can be life threatening if goes beyond intestine. It is transmitted through contaminated food such as infected meat, contaminated water and contact with infected animals and pets.
Contaminated food is the major source for transmission of infection commonly from meat, eggs, egg products, unpasteurized milk and dairy products. People of all age group are susceptible to this infection nevertheless immune compromised people such as patients, children below five years and elderly people are on high risk of infection. Recently there was a major outbreak of salmonella in the US and many companies in the business of beef and other meat products had to recall their products from the market.
Salmonella Testing Market: Diagnostic and Regulatory Overview
Diagnosis of salmonella infection is usually done by stool culture method where stool of infected animal or human being is cultured, the other method is real time PCR. Real time PCR is done by amplifying and detecting the DNA sequence of targeted pathogen. This is a quick and accurate method for detection of pathogens like salmonella.
There are different guidelines given for the industry by concerned departments in various countries for salmonella detection in food, pets and human being. Recent changes have been done in Bacteriological Analytical Manual for detection of pathogens specifically salmonella by US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA).
Salmonella Testing Market: Segmentation
Salmonella diagnosis testing market is widely spread and can be segmented in different categories. Geographically salmonella testing market can be divided in four regions namely North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World. Out of all the above regions North America, because of its stringent FDA rules and medical awareness among people about salmonella infection is biggest market for testing followed by Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World respectively.
The segmentation of salmonella infection diagnosis testing market can be categorized into type of customers; there are different industries where salmonella diagnosis is needed such as medical and healthcare, animal health, food processing industry and dairy industry. Among all these categories medical and healthcare industries account for the biggest share followed by animal health, food processing and dairy industry.
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Salmonella Testing Market: Key Players
There are several players in all over the world in salmonella diagnosis testing market out of which Life Technologies, Neogen Corporation, Romer Labs and Eiken Chemical Company Limited are specifically mentionable in real time PCR techniques whereas Hardy Diagnostics, DuPont Qualicon are major companies in culture detection methods.
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